December 15th was the last day to enroll in the health insurance exchange to be guaranteed coverage on January 1st. You didn't enroll in time? You didn't need coverage January 1st but might sometime this year? What happens now.
If you did not enroll in time to get coverage on January 1st you are still able to get coverage through the exchange. The marketplace is "open" until February 15th. If you enroll between the 16th and end of the month, your coverage is not eligible until the second following month. So for instance, if you enroll December 16th- December 31st, coverage will not start until February 1st. If you were to enroll on January 16th, your coverage would not start until March 1st. Enrolling in Coverage between February 1st and February 15th will guarantee coverage effective March 1st.
You are able to enroll in Medicaid or CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program) can be done at any time.
If you do not have coverage in 2015 you will be penalized. The fees are either $325 or per person for the year ($16.50 per child under 18) or 2% of your yearly household income, whichever is more.
Sometimes our situations change and we may need coverage outside of the open enrollment period. You are able to get coverage outside of the deadline, but you would need to have a qualifying life event. Qualifying events such as, getting married, adopting a baby, or losing your job and health insurance would allow you to sign up for coverage.
Having a gap in coverage doesn't necessarily mean you will be responsible for the penalty. If the gap in coverage is less than 3 months you can avoid the fine.
Having health insurance coverage is one of the most important things you can insure yourself with. If you are not offered coverage through your employer, finding a plan that fits your needs is important. The penalty might seem low, but having unforeseen medical expenses can jeopardize your financial future.